Historians do not have a lot of information about this courageous king of Sparta, but during the war between Sparta and the Persians, he was no doubt the most courageous king Greece has ever seen. Action combines strength, drive, and prowess. They were also Pericles’ closest friends. They verbally abuse Odysseus’s wife and son, and violate all decent norms of behavior toward guests, servants and others in the community. He is the man of valor. He was born in 638 BC and died in 558 BC. ), after the time of Alexander the Great. They hold all power in the community; no one else has any authority over them. Being a prince, Alexander was fortunate enough to receive his education from the renowned Greek philosopher, Aristotle. It is often roughly divided into the Archaic period (9th to 6th centuries BC), Classical period (5th and 4th centuries BC), and Hellenistic period (Koine Greek, 3rd century BC to 4th century AD). Greedy, violent, unrestrained leaders like the suitors create chaos and misery. Being a woman in the male-dominated society of ancient Greece, she was only able to keep the throne through extreme tactics and clever rule. Today, after the bloody 20th century, we are less sure of it. By contrast a good leader respects his obligations to his people, and ensures that they respect theirs to him and to one another. He respected his obligations to those under his rule, earning the affection and loyalty of his family, servants and subjects. In ancient Greece, certain leadership qualities were seen as more desirable, and by reviewing Greek mythology it is possible to understand what these ancient people valued in their leaders. History says that Cleopatra succeeded the throne after the death of her husband. They fought to the death. According to historians, Cleopatra was not only beautiful, but she was also one of the most politically powerful and most ruthless rulers of both Greece and Egypt. Although his democratic reforms declined after his death, he planted the seed of democracy in the minds of Athenians. ... juxtaposed ancient texts by Julius Caesar, Seneca, Tacitus, and others with contemporary readings to … This question confronts us at every election and with every domestic and international policy decision. I've met and interviewed hundreds of people who have used ancient Greek and Roman philosophies to help them live their lives better, including soldiers, astronauts, politicians and business leaders. After that, Alexander pursued Demosthenes to prevent these kinds of uprisings during his reign. Despite his nearly 20-year absence, his family, friends and many servants remain loyal. Neither she, nor her son, nor anyone in the community can rein in these gluttonous, unrestrained, destructive young men – least of all the young men themselves. A leader that stood out, strong, masculine, visionary, cunning and smart. A leader must not only act appropriately in all situations, but also remain humble even if his followers act exactly opposite in regards of their goals. According to the Odyssey, Odysseus exemplifies all major traits of a leader that are most admired by ancient Greeks. The essay is the classic 5 paragraph (the intro need not be interesting). However, I am having a lot of trouble scraping up evidence from The Iliad (we haven't read the Odyssey so we probably shouldn't use evidence from it :/). His empire spread from Gibraltar to Punjab, and he made Greek the lingua franca of his world. Barry Strauss . Each of these men seeks to marry Odysseus’s wife, but she’s stalling for time. Aristotle: 8 Top Leadership Traits for Today Published on January 11, 2015 January 11, 2015 • 478 Likes • 77 Comments His law regarding homicide still exists, but historians are not sure of the exact wording. But the narrator reveals that their behavior is both destructive and self-defeating. The “Odyssey” reminds us that leaders deserve our respect, admiration and support for leading well. Among the gods, Zeus’s absolute authority requires not respect or reciprocity, but overwhelming physical power. The “Odyssey” starts by emphasizing that greedy, unrestrained, irresponsible leadership makes communal life intolerable for everyone. 4.8 (467) HIRE verified writer. Famous Leaders of Ancient Greece: Ancient Greek civilization is undoubtedly one of the richest, diverse and influential civilizations of the world. Demetrius l and Cassander had an intricate and interconnected history. The tales of Uranus, Cronus, and Zeus show which characteristics were prized by the Greek people, and which were despised. They do not deserve respect for unrestrained material acquisition and ostentatious consumption. What made this civilization so special was its people. Some historians say that it began during the Dark Ages and lasted until 600 AD, but there are other historians who believe that it continued until the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC, and then moved into the Hellenistic period, although these two periods are generally not considered distinct from one another. Cassander married Alexander’s half-sister to gain a strong claim to the throne and later murdered both Alexander’s widow and son. This was not common practice before Draco, as the laws were kept private amongst the aristocratic classes and the rulers. Even you yourselves must be indignant and ashamed before other men in neighboring communities.”. He was the son of Miltiades. There is some debate over the exact time span of the ancient Greek period. He was orphaned at a very young age and had to fight for his inheritance which was forcibly taken by his guardians. In 594 BC, he was democratically elected as “archon” or governor of ancient Athens. Politicians, celebrities and financially successful individuals do not deserve our respect, admiration and emulation because they are good at promoting themselves and their own interests. They are similar enough, one could probably make a strong argument of plagiarism. It may seem like the heroes of Greek myth had a pretty sweet life, even if it was finite. Leadership lessons from the ancient Greeks – Part I of II. The people, in turn, respect their obligations to their king, the gods, one another and guests. 1 decade ago . His laws were widely publicized on wooden tablets and kept on public display so that everyone could read them. He was born in Athens and lived from 495 to 429 BC. Leadership Throughout the Iliad The Iliad, written by Homer, and translated by Stanley Lombardo is a tale of clashing between the Greeks, the Trojans, and the gods above them. If you’re simply slow at making decisions, then this tip is a lifesaver. He was also renowned for his achievements in increasing the political power of Athenian citizens while reducing the power of the noblemen. Good, responsible, admirable leaders like Odysseus promote mutual respect, harmony and happiness for all. Write an article and join a growing community of more than 117,500 academics and researchers from 3,792 institutions. Along with the Theban Wars, and the hunting of the Calendonian boar, the story of Jason is one of the three great pre-Trojan war adventures in Greek … He was a celebrated orator, and during his life, he influenced a lot of people in order to oppose and overthrow the Macedonian rulers. Deception, however, contrasted with the Athenian and particularly Achillean ideals of openness and honesty as qualities requisite for leadership. Whilst for Athens, it is possible to piece together a more complete history, we have only an incomplete picture of the systems in most city-states and many details of how the political apparatus actually functioned are missing. I – read the law that Lycurgus gave Sparta; next to it, read the U.S. Constitution. He was the son of Philip II, the king of Macedonia. After many further successful military campaigns, he then went on to build the biggest empire that the world had ever seen. The ancient biographer and essayist Plutarch thought deeply about the leadership qualities of the eminent Greeks and Romans he profiled in his famous—and massive— Lives , including politicians and generals such as Pericles, Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, and Mark Antony. As I write in my book “Enraged,” the same myths that long predate the world’s very first democracy have lessons for us today – just as they did for the ancient Greeks centuries ago. This philosopher planted the seed of curiosity, and from there Alexander’s love of knowledge grew. Although historians do not have much information about his early life, written texts about his laws still survive. Draco’s laws were corrupt and favored leniency towards the upper classes. Cimon was an Athenian general and statement born in 449 BC. As the story begins, the protagonist, Greek warrior Odysseus, has been shipwrecked on his way home after the Greeks conquered Troy. Over the decades since the poem was first written, much debate has been made over who achieved the most leadership throughout. The tales of Uranus, Cronus, and Zeus show which characteristics were prized by the Greek … Leadership tips from ancient Rome Frances Frei (left), a professor of business management and technology, and classics professor Emma Dench teamed up last semester to lead an experimental elective at Harvard Business School that used classic Roman and Greek writings to provoke deep discussions and reflections on what makes a successful leader. Greek philosopher Aristotle had much to say about ethics, logic, politics and science. HIRE verified writer $35.80 for a 2-page paper. 5 (234) Writer Jennie. During this war, she put Phillip III, Alexander’s half-brother, and many more to death. The final and most important trait of a leader is self-discipline and sacrifice. The “Odyssey” encourages us to choose our leaders and role models carefully. On one hand you are presented with the Trojans. The Greatest Ancient Leader. 0 0. Emily Anhalt does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. The Most 13 Famous Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs & Leaders. Good leadership, as the “Odyssey” depicts it, requires and promotes mutual respect and reciprocity. What made this civilization so special was its people. Luckily for us, Pl… Zeus remains eternally capable of compelling obedience from other gods not by debate and persuasion but by tyrannical force and intimidation. Renowned and celebrated playwrights like Euripides, Sophocles, Aeschylus, and Aristophanes lived in Athens, and they invented the modern-day theatre that we enjoy today. wily, or crafty. King David took Bathsheba lustfully, “at a time when kings go out to battle.” Citizens were allowed to express themselves and indulge in any form of study. Ancient Greeks were people who admired and respected arts, education, philosophy, architecture etc. Demetrius was a capable commander in his father Antigonus l’s army. Introduction: For thousands of years, the myths from Ancient Greece have intrigued people. Solon was a poet, politician, and the founder of democratic government in Greece. The courage that Leonidas showed during the Battle of Thermophile against the Persian king, Xerxes, in the summer of 480 BC is still celebrated. It is one of the two earliest surviving texts of Western civilization and identifies two crucial elements of good leadership: respect and reciprocity. mortal despots cannot preserve their death grip on power forever. Verified writer. The Ancient Greek Empire spread from Greece through Europe and, in 800 BC, the Greeks started to split their land into city-states, each with its own laws, customs and rulers. The simplicity behind this tip makes it very accessible. 6 Answers. The first book in history on the art of persuasion, The Rhetoric, was written by the The teachings and doings of ancient Greeks have remained important lessons that many societies still use. This produces order, harmony and happiness for everyone – powerful and weak alike. Later Cassander fought against her and won the battle in 316 BC. Attila the Hun, … At the same time, the “Odyssey” suggests that human beings should not admire or foster authority that relies on violence and intimidation. As a child, he suffered from a speech disorder, and he had to overcome this before he could become an orator. Odysseus is marooned on an island in the middle of nowhere. The king of Persia had already conquered northern Greece and was on his way to capture the south, but Leonidas bravely defended his position even though his army of just 4,000 soldiers was no match for the 80,000-strong Persian force. He was an ancient Greek lawmaker, credited to have redeveloped the constitution of ancient Athens to establish a democratic government in 508 BC. “An abridged list of rulers for the ancient Greek world concentrating on the Hellenistic age (323–31 B.C. Investigate the Ancient Greeks | Explore Character Traits of the Heroes Discover the Myth Maker in You | Inspire others to be Good People . He was an important protagonist during the Wars of the Diadochi and waged bloody war against the Macedonian general, Polyperchon. Save my name and email in this browser for the next time I comment. Eventually, he went on to make further reforms and awarded all citizens equal rights and established “ostracism” which was a form of temporary banishment from the city by popular vote. His Athenian policies brought an end to bonded slavery and the mistreatment of the common people. The time limit forces you to quickly assess the pros and cons while quickly coming to a decision. Relevance. Demosthenes was a statesman, orator, and a significant political personality in ancient Greece. Pisistratus established the Panathenaic games and tried to produce definitive versions of the epics written by Homer. Cleisthenes was the true father of Athenian democracy. 336 to 323, may claim the title of the greatest military leader the world has ever known. He fought alongside Aristides and sent his fleet to rescue the Asian Greek cities from Persian invaders. His absence has permitted powerful young men in his community to take over his household. In the preceding centuries, Greek city-states were governed by a variety of entities, including kings, oligarchies, tyrants, and, as in the case of Athens, a democracy.” Believing that implicit fundamental values are, to their larger part, unchangeable, we assume that the Greek ideal leader remains the same across centuries. He is still renowned all over the world for his legal codes and the harsh laws he established. The Greeks associated Ares with bloodshed and pillaging, and considered him the god of warfare, rebellions, banditry and rage. Each had its own system according to its political tradition; there were democratic and oligarchic/aristocratic systems, depending on the faction that prevailed in each city. The teachings and doings of ancient Greeks have remained important lessons that many societies still use. 1. Verified writer. Athens was also home to great philosophers like Zeno of Elea, Protagoras, and Anaxagoras. The identified as desired leadership traits are then studied under the light of ideal images of the leader, as depicted in the classic works of Ancient Greek thinkers, notably Plato. The narrator and the characters, including the suitors themselves, refer to these young men as the “best” men in the community, but neither the audience nor anyone within the story can consider them good leaders. Seeking news of his father, Odysseus’s son visits two other communities, each ruled by a compassionate, benevolent king. Here, we will discuss some of the great leaders who ruled Greece during ancient times: Alexander the Great is famous for being one of the greatest military generals the world has ever seen. The history of Cassander’s rule is probably one of the bloodiest in ancient Greek history. Until the late sixth century B.C., the autocratic rule of warlords, kings and tyrants was all that anyone had ever seen. During Pericles’ rule, he encouraged the arts, philosophy, literature, and freedom of expression. Each provides feasts and celebrations including music, dancing and storytelling. Anticipating by thousands of years the violent overthrow of 21st-century dictators during the Arab Spring, for example, the “Odyssey” suggests that She was one of the most brilliant, shrewd, powerful, and talented leaders of ancient Greece. It’s very, very exaggerated. His laws were much harsher on the underprivileged class, for example, he introduced the death penalty for stealing vegetables. Her reign followed on from Alexander the Great’s during the Hellenistic period of ancient Greece. To be an effective leader, you need to roll up your sleeves and take charge. Cassander was involved in other blood feuds such as the one with Alexander’s mother, Olympia. So thoroughly was this leadership quality identified with Odysseus that Homer continually referred to him as the "many-wiled" Odysseus. Ares's vengeful nature becomes apparent from his murder of innocent Adonis, whom he saw as a rival for … He was perhaps the first great thought leader. Everyone longs for Odysseus’s return. Ancient Greek Philosophy, Self-Leadership, and The Modern Stoicism Movement: An Interview With Dr. Alkistis Agio. Ancient Leadership: Nine Qualities of a Strong King King David was the “apple of God’s eye,” a “man after God’s own heart.” Yet he selfishly used his power to sleep with Bathsheba and to murder her husband as a cover-up. However, there's another defining aspect of ancient Greek heroism that often goes overlooked. Famous Leaders of Ancient Greece In this section, we’ll explore the historical ideas behind the theory, before examining the modern theoretical approach to the leadership style and the implications of it being a young theory. The era of Pericles also witnessed the construction of the glorious Parthenon which Athens is famous for today. Socrates, the “father of Western philosophy” also lived in Athens during this period. In Professor Nagy's list of the characteristics of the prototypical Greek … Alexander the Great, King of Macedon from B.C.E. There are various other political and military leaders of Greece who also went on to influence Greek civilization as we know it today. Good, responsible, admirable leaders like Odysseus promote mutual respect, harmony and happiness for all. Odysseus presided over a happy, thriving community. Get a verified writer to help you with Traits Most Admired by the Ancient Greeks. It doesn’t have to be 2 minut… Draco was an extremely influential figure in late ancient Greece. After winning the war, he took supreme power over Greece and Macedonia. The community of the gods provides an instructive counterexample. Accordingly, both Sophocles’ Philoctetes and Plato’s Republic turn to the figure of Odysseus, renowned for his tricky speech, in order to interrogate notions of the just and unjust uses of lying by leaders. Long before the Athenians first instituted their radical direct democracy in 508 B.C., Homer’s “Odyssey” began to teach the ancient Greeks to recognize good leadership when they saw it and to despise the alternative. One of the most important leadership qualities of good leadership is delegating tasks and elevating their team. While these are not the only influential leaders of ancient Greece, they had a significant impact on the history of this great nation. Anonymous. Top writers. Essential Question: Can we learn more about what the Ancient Greeks believed made a good person by exploring the heroes from their myths? A statue of Leonidas stands in his homeland of Sparta to honor his great courage. Latinized Pisistratus also seized their lands and gave them to the underprivileged classes. The suitors are having a grand time ravaging Odysseus’s household, forcing Odysseus’s maidservants to have sex with them and eating and drinking themselves into a stupor. The “Odyssey,” transmitted orally over centuries before ever being written down, powerfully shaped ancient Greek ideas about what constitutes good leadership. Jason is the Greek legendary hero best known for his leadership of the Argonauts in the quest for the Golden Fleece and for his wife Medea (of Colchis). Greedy, violent, unrestrained leaders like the suitors create chaos and misery. Being a member of the aristocratic class himself, he was powerful and, in 510 BC, the Spartans backed him, overthrew their king, and established a democratic government. Centuries ago, myths helped the Greeks learn to reject tyrannical authority and identify the qualities of good leadership. After that, Demetrius reconciled with Seleucus and murdered his enemies and the sons of Cassander when he succeeded the throne of Athens in 294 BC. According to this law, a killer had to go into exile and even receive the death penalty if agreed to by the family members of the victim. There are two on the list I would say of equal import by way of preserving and expanding the reach of Greek culture, but in terms of ideas…Lycurgus of Sparta. Being the son of a great conqueror, Alexander continued the legacy left by his father by going on to conquer the Persian Empire. By contrast, Odysseus is described as a wise and good leader. Ancient Greece has probably one of the richest cultural histories of all civilizations and saw many great personalities and leaders; those who worked hard to build the legacy that we know today. Lv 5. 4.8 (435) Bella Hamilton. His novels bring the people and events of Ancient Greece to life in a way few others have. The Greeks associated Poseidon with calamities like tidal waves and earthquakes. Famous Leaders of Ancient Greece: Ancient Greek civilization is undoubtedly one of the richest, diverse and influential civilizations of the world. During his reign, the upper-class aristocrats and noblemen also had to answer to him, and he reduced a considerable number of their privileges and rights. Here, we will discuss some of the great leaders who ruled Greece during ancient … When Theodore Ayrault Dodge, the American Civil War historian known for his love of the ancient generals, dubbed Alexander, Hannibal, and Caesar “great captains” in 1889, imperial ambition was some- thing to be admired. Our findings seem to support this assumption. Solon was a lawmaker who was the first to grant democratic rights to the common citizens of Athens. It’s simple enough to incorporate: any time you have to make a decision, just set the timer and begin the process. The fourth quality of leadership is exemplified by Achilles. Ancient Greek civilization has contributed to many parts of today's society. The 10 Oldest Ancient Civilizations That Have Ever Existed, Top 10 Most Worshiped Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses, Top 10 Inventions and Discoveries of Ancient Greece…, Top 11 Inventions and Discoveries of Mesopotamia, Top 10 Important Events of Ancient Greece, Top 10 Amazing Facts about Alexander the Great, Top 10 Most Important People in Ancient Greece, Top 12 Surprising and Fascinating Facts about Ancient Greece, Top 21 Fascinating Facts about the Ancient Persian Empire, Top 12 Surprising and Fascinating Facts about Ancient Sumer, Top 13 Surprising and Fascinating Facts about Ancient Babylonia, Top 12 Fascinating Facts about Ancient Mesopotamia. in ancient greek what qualities determined astrong leader/hero? Verified writer. According to historians, he was sent into exile later in his life and was recalled in 451 BC to make a peace treaty with Sparta. In ancient Greece, certain leadership qualities were seen as more desirable, and by reviewing Greek mythology it is possible to understand what these ancient people valued in their leaders. Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD. By contrast, human beings who rely on violence and intimidation are susceptible to violent overthrow: Upon his return, Odysseus slaughters all of the brutal, bullying suitors.